How to care for your tyres

How to care for your tyres

Your tyres are all that's holding your vehicle on the road so it's very important to preserve the quality of the rubber as this can impact your tyres overall performance and safety.

Checking tyre pressure

The first one is the easiest one to keep a eye on, and should be done monthly or before long journeys.

Over or under inflation of your tyres causes irregular wear and will affect the tyres performance. When your tyres are inflated to the correct pressure it will even save on fuel. It can also give you an indication that if one or more of your tyres are low, then you may have a puncture.

Always ensure that you put the vehicle's recommended pressure into your tyre. This can be found either in the handbook, on the door frame or the inside of the fuel cap. If your still unsure what the correct pressure is get in touch with your local car dealer or with us.

The pressure noted on the sidewall of the tyre is the maximum tyre pressure that the tyre can handle and is not the pressure that is recommended for everyday use.

Checking the legal tread limit

The legal minimum tread limit is 1.6mm for the central three quarters of the tread. Check the tread in several different places around the tyre using a tread depth gauge making sure there's no uneven wear that could affect the car's performance. If you don't have a tread depth gauge, that's no problem just look at the tread wear indicators on the tyre - they are moulded into the base of the main grooves. When the tread is level with these moulds the tyre is at the legal limit and should be replaced.

When looking at the tread you also need to make sure there's no bulges in the sidewall of the tyre which could be caused by kerbs or potholes and also check for rubber deterioration.

If your unsure or would just like some advice please get in touch with us.

Balancing

Balancing your tyres will eliminate vibration and premature wear of your tyres. It also protects the suspension steering system and bearings. All new tyres should be balanced, or if you have a tyre taken off its rim for a puncture repair it will need rebalancing.

If you feel a vibration in the vehicle always ensure to check your balance as it could cause your tyres to wear unevenly and rapidly, cause a vibration and put more stress on front end parts causing them to wear prematurely.

Wheel Alignment

When driving it's not always easy to tell if the wheels and axles are correctly aligned, but if it is out of alignment it could affect the handling characteristics of your vehicle and your safety could be compromised.

If your tyres have come into contact with either a kerb or a pothole or similar or you have noticed uneven or irregular wear on your tyres, ensure you visit a mechanic and have a thorough inspection and correct any misalignment problems.

EU Tyre labelling regulation

EU tyre labelling regulations began in 2012 to increase safety, promote fuel efficiency and tyre safety, to decrease noise levels and also to allow consumers to make informed decisions when purchasing tyres.

EU tyre regulations

The regulation covers three main points:


EU tyre regulations - Fuel efficiency

Fuel efficiency

Fuel efficiency associated with the tyres rolling resistance

This affects the emissions and driving economy. Lower rolling resistance means lower fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. A tyre loses energy through 'rolling resistance'. The rating works downwards from 'A' for the best performing tyre, to 'G' for the lowest performing tyre. There is a difference of 7.5% in fuel efficiency between an A and G rated tyre.



EU tyre regulations - Wet grip

Wet Grip

The impact of the vehicles safety associated to the tyres wet grip

This measures and rates a tyre's performance in wet driving conditions. Tyres with better wet grip performance deliver shorter braking distances on wet roads. The rating works downwards from 'A' for the highest wet grip performance, to 'G' for the lowest performance. The difference in braking distance between an A and G rated tyre can be as much as 18 metres (approx. 4 car lengths)



EU tyre regulations - Noise classification

Noise Classification

External noise levels (not internal noise) marked in dB

This affects noise pollution and driver comfort. A tyre's exterior noise is measured in decibels (dB) The graphic symbol displays one black sound wave for the quietest performance, and up to three black sound waves for the loudest. The noise level of a 3 sound wave rated tyre will be literally three times that of a single sound wave rated tyre.

How to choose the right tyre

How to choose the right tyre

There are many different variables to consider when choosing the right tyre. This could be as simple as choosing a tyre within your budget, or if you are doing high mileage it may be worth putting on a better quality tyre from our premium range.

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About Duncan Worgan Tyres

About us

Duncan Worgan Tyres is a Mobile Tyre Technician family run business. With 20 years of experience in the trade, Duncan will come to you to fit your Tyres, whether that be at Home or at your place of Work in Cardiff and the surrounding area.

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Good Year tyres, Hankook Tyres, CooperTires, Pirelli